M.B. Guseva, V.G. Babaev, Khvostov V.V., Savchenko N.F., Novikov N.D., Alexandrov A.F.
Review of synthesis, experimental and theoretical research of new allotrope carbon forms introduced, differ from previously known (diamond, graphite, fullerene, nanotubes) with new type of chemical bonds between carbon atoms. These are carbon nanophases, stable in nanosize area: two forms of linear–chain carbon – films and crystals with different structure, and a carbon with FCC-structure. Materials, realized on their basis, possess unique properties and different applications in various areas of a science, techniques and medicine find.