Radiotekhnika
Publishing house Radiotekhnika

"Publishing house Radiotekhnika":
scientific and technical literature.
Books and journals of publishing houses: IPRZHR, RS-PRESS, SCIENCE-PRESS


Тел.: +7 (495) 625-9241

 

Hardware and software platform for developing multi-system anti-jamming navigation receivers with high-precision coordinate-time definitions

DOI 10.18127/j20700784-201812-27

Keywords:

S.N. Kulinich – Head, Space Instrumentation Department, NPF Electron LLC (Krasnoyarsk)
E- mail: kulinich@ksc.krasn.ru
K.A. Drevin – Leading Engineer, Space Instrumentation Department, NPF Electron LLC (Krasnoyarsk)
A.J. Karneev – Leading Engineer, Space Instrumentation Department, NPF Electron LLC (Krasnoyarsk)
S.V. Kulik – Head of Sector, Space Instrumentation Department, NPF Electron LLC (Krasnoyarsk)
V.M. Vladimirov – Dr.Sc. (Eng.), Professor, Chief Research Scientist, Department of Molecular Electronics, FIC KSC SB RAS (Krasnoyarsk)


This article provides a comparative analysis of the parameters of samples of foreign and domestic anti-jamming navigation equipment of consumers. On the one hand, the analysis shows the lag in this issue of Russian developments, but on the other hand, especially in recent years, proves the potential for significant improvement of the characteristics of domestic navigation equipment of consumers. The main requirements and tasks were formulated, the world achievements in the field of anti-jamming were taken into account based on above analysis. The hardware-software platform (HSP) developed by the authors on the basis of seven element antenna array has high tactical and technical characteristics and allows placing anti-jamming navigation receivers of almost any configuration, all known global navigation satellite systems on it. The results of the tests of the developed HSP show that the gain of anti-jamming due to space-time signal processing is, when exposed to narrow-band interference, not less than 80 dB, when exposed to broadband noise, not less than 70 dB. Anti-jamming navigation receiver located on the HSP provides a stable reception of global navigation signals when operating in anti-cluttering modes under the influence of both narrow-band and broadband interference and provides interference suppression with at least six directions. Tactical and technical characteristics of the hardware and software platform, with anti-jamming immunity of more than 100 dB, solve the main problem of navigation equipment of consumers – reliability of operation and provides reliable protection even in a complex dynamic changing interference environment.

References:
  1. Prikazthikov A., Oganesyan A., Pastukhov A. Pomekhoustoyjchivaya apparatura GLONASS/GPS promihshlennogo naznacheniya // Nauka i proizvodstvo, Sputnikovaya navigaciya. 2018. S. 1–3.
  2. Klemm R. Applications of Space-Time Adaptive Processing // The Institution of Electrical Engineers. 2004.
  3. Paulraj A.J., Papadias C.B. Processing for Wireless Communications //EEE Signal Processing Magazine. November 1997. P. 49–83.
  4. Berefelt F., Boberg B., Eklof F., Malmstrom J., Paajarvi L., Stromback P., Wirkander S. INS/GPS Integration with Adaptive Beam-forming // ION GPS/GNSS. 2003. P. 1096–1106.
  5. Ratihnskiyj M.V. Adaptaciya i sverkh razreshenie v antennihkh reshetkakh // M.: Radio i svyazj. 2003.
  6. Rowe D., Weger J., Walker J. Integrated GPS Anti-Jam Systems // ION GNSS 18th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division. September 2005. P. 13–16.
  7. Li J., Stoica P. Robust adaptive beamforming // Wiley-Interscience. 2005.
  8. Mukhopadhyay M., Sarkar B. K., Chakraborty A. Augmentation of anti-jam GPS system using smart antenna with a simple doa estimation algorithm // Progress In Electromagnetics Research. 2007. P. 231–249.
  9. Hattich C., Cuntz M., Konovaltsev A., Kappen G., Meurer M. Robust Multi-Antenna Acquisition in Time, Frequency and Space for a Digital Beamforming Receiver // 24th International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of The Institute of Navigation. September 19–23. 2011. P. 724–731.
  10. Efimenko V.S., Pastukhov A.V., Voronchikhin D.N. Novihe metodih realizacii algoritmov prostranstvenno-vremennoyj obrabotki // M.: Radiotekhnika. 2014. № 9. S. 129–134.
  11. Ratihnskiyj M.V. Analiz vliyaniya dekorrelyacii signalov v kanalakh fazirovannihkh antennihkh reshetok na ehffektivnostj adaptivnoyj prostranstvennoyj filjtracii // Radiotekhnika i ehlektronika. 2017. T. 62. № 6. S. 546–563.
  12. Voljpert A.R. O chastotnoyj zavisimosti orientacii diagrammih napravlennosti v skaniruyuthikh antennihkh reshetkakh s faziruemihmi ehlementami // Antennih. 1973. V. 17. S. 35–42.
  13. Pushin A.E., Ratihnskiyj M.V., Cheremisin O.P. O vliyanii dekorrelyacii vkhodnihkh signalov na ehffektivnostj cifrovihkh filjtrov vihdeleniya signalov na fone pomekh // Radiotekhnika i ehlektronika. 1986. T. 31. № 9. S. 1786–1791.
  14. Maljcev A.A., Pestrecov V.A., Khoryaev A.V., Maslennikov R.O. Primenenie treugoljnogo sistolicheskogo massiva dlya QR-razlozheniya kompleksnoyj matricih // Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo. 2007. № 3. S. 61–66.
June 24, 2020
May 29, 2020

© Издательство «РАДИОТЕХНИКА», 2004-2017            Тел.: (495) 625-9241                   Designed by [SWAP]Studio