V.V. Kozirev – Ph.D. (Phil.), Department «Philosophy» Bauman Moscow State Technical University; «Center of cross-disciplinary researches of musical creativity», P.I. Tchaikovsky Moscow conservatory
Continuing the theme of our research on scientific approaches to the study of consciousness, we shall consider K. Pribram’s Holonomic Brain Theory. That is, we shall talk about the process of the perception of information by the brain, and the functional transformation, localization and distribution of this information in the structures of the brain’s material. In other words, we shall talk about the principles of the perception, transformation and localization of information by the brain.
In 1947, D. Gabor was able to obtain the first holographic image, or to visualize a record of the interference picture of wave fields. He invented the term «holography». D. Gabor noted the similarity between the descriptions of the quantum processes in subatomic physics, and in the Fourier window transform. Possibly for this reason, D. Gabor called his units of communication «quanta of information» (referring to the level of subcellular communication processes).
In our view, it will also be useful to pay attention to the mutually averaged dynamic of the development of research and the technical possibilities for such research. Or between the theory and the available range of tools, in this case the technical and technological base available to a «physical observer». We are speaking of the research model set out by K. Pribram, using fMRT (functional magnetic resonance tomography) fMRI, with the aid of which he develops, among other things, a research model, or Holonomic Brain Theory (HBT).
The purpose of K. Pribram’s HBT is to explain or show to us that what lies at the basis of the mechanisms of perception, processing and storage of visual information by the brain centres (for example, of the forms and composition of a landscape directly visually perceived by a living system) is an information pulse obtained from outside and transformed by the brain. Thus, the eye receives this information pulse or sequence of pulses, or visible information of the electromagnetic spectrum perceived by the retina functioning as a receptor, and depending on the intensity of the incoming information, according to K. Pribram, transforms this information either into a corpuscular pulse or a wave pulse, thus sequentially implementing the process of the transmission of information to the corresponding sector of the cortex, to the binocular and monocular neurons of the optical system, activating a sequence of engagements of neurons (horizontal, amacrine and so on), and also the neuron contours necessary for processing and distribution of the incoming information in the form of signals of a certain
- Pribram K. Brain and Perception: Holonomy and Structure in Figural Processing (Distinguished Lecture Series). Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. 1991.
- Schoenfeld Mircea A., Hopf Jens-Max, Merkel Christian, Heinze Hans-Jochen, Hillyard Steven A. Object-based attention involves the sequential activation of feature-specific cortical modules // Nature Neuroscience [EHlektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.nature.com/neu¬ro/jour¬nal/v17/n4/full/nn.3656.html/.
- Kuffler S.W., Eyzaguirre C. Synaptic inhibition in an isolated nerve cell [EHlektronnyj resurs]. Rezhim dostupa: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2147519/.
- Pribram K. YAzyki mozga. EHksperimental'nye paradoksy i principy nejropsihologii. M. 1975. S. 166.
- Penrouz R. Teni razuma: v poiskah nauki o soznanii. M. 2003. S. 35.