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The system organization of neurons when training Part 1: Аction of a reinforcement

DOI 10.18127/j19998554-201810-01

Keywords:

G.I. Shulgina — Dr. Sc. (Biol.), Leading Research Scientist, Institute of higher nervous activity and neurophysiology of RAS (Moscow)
E-mail: shulgina28@mail.ru


Knowledge of the systemic organization of central nervous system neurons by learning active and inhibitory behaviors is ne-cessary for understanding the mechanisms of human psychophysiology, for pedagogy, psychotherapy, psychiatry, psycho-pharmacology, for creating new computer generations that mimic the work of the brain, for neurophilosophy. To find out how proceed the formation of neurons in the new systems in the training, we recorded behavior, slow oscillations, background and evoked, and the activity of neurons in the cortical representation of the conditioned stimulus, in the cortical representation of reinforcement and in hippocampus, as a structure - part of the associative systems, by the elaboration of defensive reflexes to flashes of light in experiments on alert rabbits. Reinforcement due to the activation of associative structures causes in the cerebral cortex the decreasening of slow oscillations of potentials and increasing of the orderliness in the distribution of the neuronal impulses in time due to increasing of its frequency and the weakening of inhibition and post-inhibitory activation, i.e., by disinhibition. Result of our experiments shown also that the key principle in the systemic organization of central nervous system neurons by training active behaviors is the interaction of «modal-specific» and «modal-nonspecific» flows of impulses in structures that process information from signaling and reinforcing stimuli. The activating and disinhibitory influence of a reinforcement by means of increasing in frequency and orderliness in activity of neurons of a cerebral cortex realize fixation and reproduction of information by elaboration of the active forms of behavior.

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