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P.K. Anokhin principle of advanced reflection as fundamental basis of relativistic (context-dependent) methods and means of information representation and transformation

DOI 10.18127/j19998554-201809-01

Keywords:

G.M. Alakoz – Dr.Sc. (Eng.), Professor, Research Supervisor of the ANO Institute for System Analysis of Financial Security Problems
E-mail: gen1nor2@gmail.com
A.V. Kotov – Dr.Sc. (Med.), Professor, Chief Research Scientist of the Scientific Research Institute of Normal Physiology named after academician P.K. Anokhin
E-mail: lab_motiv@mail.ru
V.V. Sherstnev – Dr.Sc. (Med.), Professor, Chief Research Scientist of the Scientific Research Institute of Normal Physiology named after academician P.K. Anokhin
E-mail: sherstnev@inbox.ru


Based on the principle of anticipatory reflection of academician P.K. Anokhin, who, according to L. Graham, has put forward the idea of "reverse afferentation", anticipated the cybernetic concept of "feedback", the important differences between traditional cybernetics and cybernetics of the living being are shown:
a) if the foundation of the first is the paradigm of "unconditional" causality, characteristic of all non-living, then the second complements this concept to "conditional" causality, when the relationship between material substrates is consistent only under a certain set of external and internal conditions;
b) if the formal-logical base of the first is constituted by transformations preserving the measure, then in the second this base is supplemented by transformations that preserve the relation, which are used starting from the stage of coding in-formation;
c) if the first in accordance with the first axiom of Aristotle gets rid of the semantic filling of variables, starting from the coding stage, the second constructively uses the “binary sense” in the algorithms of “selecting” the values of the variables being transformed and developing the response depending on the binary value (“meaningfully/meaningless") property relationship;
d) if the cryptoresistance of information technologies is considered the pinnacle of the development of the first, then in the second it is only the starting point of evolution, which characterizes the transition from the non-living to the living being.
These differences and the positions on which they are based indicate the fundamental mass-energy and information trinity of living nature, which is why cybernetics of the living being should be based on relativistic, context-dependent grammars, in which the “semantic content” and transformed variables are constructively used, and the transformations performed on them.
The “conditional causality” underlying the development of the living being, which is supported by context-sensitive in-formation and mass-energy processes, suggests that evolutionary lessons cannot be neglected, especially when information wars and the ill-conceived use of “artificial intelligence” have become part of our everyday life. One of such lessons is the evolution of the living being, at least on a terrestrial scale, has not yet repeated any of the preceding forms and phases of its development.

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