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Intraoral Microfocus X-ray radiography in veterinary medicine

DOI 10.18127/j15604136-201805-15

Keywords:

Yuriy Potrakhov -  Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University "LETI", Russian Federation

Nikolay Potrakhov -  Saint Petersburg Electrotechnical University "LETI", Russian Federation

Contact: yn@eltech-med.com


The provision of veterinary dental care is becoming an increasingly urgent task, for example, in dog breeding. So, for a thoroughbred exhibition animal, the loss of even one tooth can lead to the termination of a career. In medicine in the vast majority of cases, diagnosis of the maxillofacial department is carried out with the help of specialized X-ray devices: traditional dental units, orthopantomographs and cone-ray tomographs [1]. Traditional dental devices (radioviographs) are designed to produce images of individual teeth or jaw areas, orthopantomographs for two-dimensional, and cone-ray tomographs for three-dimensional images of the full dentition of both jaws, including adjacent anatomical structures. For a number of reasons - differences in the anatomy and physiology of the maxillofacial department of man and dog, as well as the language barrier, these devices cannot be directly used in veterinary dentistry. The flexibility and mobility of the fingers, paws, neck, and back of the dog are fundamentally lower than that of the corresponding human organs. The dog cannot fix the detector of the Xray image with a finger or sit motionlessly in the chair of the cone-ray tomograph for a long time. The dog also cannot understand and fulfill the specific requirements of the X-ray assistant during the X-ray shooting. Obviously, to solve the problems of diagnosis of veterinary dentistry in full, it is necessary to develop the appropriate technology.

References:
  1. Fundamentals of X-ray diagnostics / Ed. N.N. Blinov. Tutorial. - Moscow: Medicine, 2002.
  2. Potrakhov N.N. Microfocus X-ray radiography in dentistry and maxillofacial surgery. St. Petersburg: Technomedia Ltd., Page 184, 2007.
  3. Author's Certificate No. 1793491 of the USSR, MKI Н01J35 / 08. X-ray tube / Potrakhov N.N. and others; Application 25.06.91; registered 08.10.92.
  4. Potrakhov N.N., Potrakhov E.N., Gryaznov A.Y. Portable X-ray diagnostic devices of the family "PARDUS" for sighting and panoramic research in stomatology and maxillofacial surgery // Medical technology, pages.45-46 - 2008. - №5.

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