Elena Gerken - Postgraduate, Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI), 346428 Novocherkassk, Russia
Valery Grechikhin - Dr.-Ing., associate professor, Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI), 346428 Novocherkassk, Russia
Magnetic positioning method has found a lot of application in medicine. This is because the method does not require line of sight between a generator of magnetic field and a movable receiver, which makes it possible to use the receiver inside of patient’s body. The method also has a high accuracy, speed performance, reliability and ease of implementation, which allows to accurate determine the location and orientation of the surgical instrument in three-dimensional space in real time. Currently it is an essential prerequisite for many modern medical procedures. Through the use of this method, complex inner surgical operations for the patient can become less dangerous because of reduction of possible number of errors by to constant high-precision tracing of invasive instruments. The navigation and control of a medical instrument is achieved by determine location and orientation of miniature active receivers that are moved inside of patient's body together with an invasive instrument. Magnetic positioning method is used in numerous applications within the area of biomedical engineering, such us ENT Surgery, laparoscopic surgery, thoracic surgery, simulation and surgeon performance. For example, Iustin et al.  developed EMT for real-time organ-positioning during radiotherapy of cancer tumors, Plotkin et al.  designed EMT for tracking of the human eye and used it to diagnose vestibular disorders, Seeberger R, Kane G, Hoffmann J, et al. [3 ] used EM device for navigation maxilla-facial surgery, H. Zhang et al.  developed EMT for abdominal interventions.
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- A Plotkin, O Shafrir, E Paperno, and D.M. Kaplan. Magnetic eye tracking: A new approach employing a planar transmit-ter. IEEE transactions on biomedical engineering, 57(5):1209–1215, March 2010.
- Seeberger R, Kane G, Hoffmann J, et al. “Accuracy assess- ment for navigated maxilla-facial surgery using an electro-magnetic tracking device.” Jurnal of Cranio- Maxillo-Fac ial Surgery, 2012, 40: 156-161
- H. Zhang et al., “Electromagnetic tracking for abdomina l interventions in computer aided surgery”, Com-put. Aided Surgery, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 127-136, May 2006
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- Bien, T., Rose, G., ‘‘Algorithm for calibration of the elec-tromagnetic tracking system,’’ Biomedical and Health In-formatics (BHI), pp. 85-88, 2012
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- A. Plotkin and E. Paperno. 3-D magnetic tracking of a single subminiature coil with a large 2-D array of uniaxial trans- mitters. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 39(5):3295–3297, September 2003
- O’Donoghue K, Cantillon-Murphy P (2015) Planar magnetic shielding for use with electromagnetic tracking systems. IEEE Trans Magn 51(2):1–12
- Grechikhin V.V. Devices of the active control of magnetic characteristics for industrial process control of products made of ferromagnetic materials: the thesis of dissertation 05.13.05 - Novocherkassk, 2000.