Radiotekhnika
Publishing house Radiotekhnika

"Publishing house Radiotekhnika":
scientific and technical literature.
Books and journals of publishing houses: IPRZHR, RS-PRESS, SCIENCE-PRESS


Тел.: +7 (495) 625-9241

 

Influence of the supramolecular structure of distilled water on the process of its stratification (during settling)

Keywords:

S.N. Novikov - Ph.D. (Eng.), Senior Research Scientist, National Research University of Electronic Technology (Moscow, Zelenograd)
E-mail: aviary@mail.ru
L.N. Novikov - Ph.D. (Phys.-Match.), Professor, Ural Federal University n. a. the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin (Ekaterinburg)
E-mail: nln111@mail.ru
S.P. Timoshenkov - Dr. Sc. (Eng.), Professor, National Research University of Electronic Technology (Moscow, Zelenograd)
E-mail: spt@miee.ru
V.A. Zhigalov - Ph.D. (Eng.), Engineer, National Research University of Electronic Technology (Moscow, Zelenograd)
E-mail: zhigalov@gmail.com
E.P. Goryunova - Post-graduate Student, Engineer, National Research University of Electronic Technology (Moscow, Zeleno-grad)
E-mail: aviary@mail.ru


The process of isothermal water stratification («during settling») has been studied using precision thermography (sensitivity ±0,001 оС) and determining the electron work function (EWF) (accuracy ± 0.03 eV).
It is shown that distilled water, which is a long time (~ 1 day) in a cylindrical glass vessel (burette length ~ 1 m) is stratified, which leads to different kinetics of evaporation of samples taken from the top and bottom part of the vessel, and the water temperature during evaporation of the «top» The sample (ttop) is less than the evaporation temperature of the «bottom» sample (tbottom) by (0,20±0,001) oC. The enthalpies of the evaporation process S of these H2O samples, calculated from the experimental thermograms S=f(τ) (where τ is the time of evaporation) also differ (Stop <Sbottom) by 20%.
The results of thermographic measurements are confirmed by the results of a study of the «electronic properties» of these water samples, namely, the ability to reduce the electron work function of a solid body (the Schottky effect). It is shown that the «top of water» sample reduces the EWF of a single-crystal Si (100) probe by (0,28±0,03) eV, while the «bottom» water only by (0,13±0,03) eV, apparently, the increase in the dipole moment of the sorbed coherent H2O by ~3%. On the basis of the results obtained, it was suggested that the energy released during the decay of coherent domains can be used as an alternative source.

References:
  1. Novikov L.N., Novikov S.N., Ermolaeva A.I., Timoshenkov S.P., Zhigalov V.A., Petrova V.Z. Preczizionny'j metod izmereniya temperatury' pri isparenii zhidkostej // Izv. vuzov. E'lektronika. 2014. №6 (110). S. 87–89.
  2. Novikov S.N., Novikov L.N., Zhigalov V.A. i dr. // Issledovanie vliyaniya struktury' poverxnostnogo sloya vody' na kinetiku izotermicheskogo ispareniya metodom preczizionnoj termografii // Biomediczinskaya radioe'lektronika. 2017. № 12. S. 4–10.
  3. Novikov S.N., Ermolaeva A.I., Timoshenkov S.P., Minaev V.S. Vliyanie nadmolekulyarnoj struktury' vody' na kinetiku izotermicheskogo ispareniya poverxnostnogo sloya. Ch.1 // Biomediczinskaya radioe'lektronika. 2012. № 3. S. 23–29.
  4. Berg L.G. Vvedenie v termografiyu. M.: Nauka. 1969. S. 395.
  5. Novikov S.N., Ermolaeva A.I., Timoshenkov S.P., Perevozchikov N.F. Vliyanie nadmolekulyarnoj struktury' vody' na kinetiku izotermicheskogo ispareniya poverxnostnogo sloya. Ch. 3. Izmenenie soderzhaniya kogerentny'x domenov v distillirovannoj vode pri razlichny'x vneshnix vozdejstviyax // Biomediczinskaya radioe'lektronika. 2012. № 8. S. 29–36.
  6. Arani R., Bono I., Del Giudice E., Preparata G. QED Coherence and the Thermodinamics of water // Int.Jour. Of Mod.Phys.B. 1995.V. 9. № 15. P. 1813–1841.
  7. Novikov S.N., Timoshenkov S.P. O mexanizme izmenenij raboty' vy'xoda e'lektrona pri xemosorbczii vody' na poverxnosti Si(100) // Zhurnal fizicheskoj ximii. 2010. T.84. № 7. S. 1394–1397.
  8. Menskij M.B. Javlenie dekogerenczii i teoriya neprery'vny'x kvantovy'x izmerenij // Uspexi fizicheskix nauk. 1998. T.168. № 9. S. 1017–1035.
  9. Fizicheskie velichiny': Spravochnik. M.: E'nergoatomizdat. 1991. S. 293, 299.
  10. Zaczepina G.N. Fizicheskie svojstva i struktura vody'. M.: Izd-vo MGU. 1998. S. 4.
  11. Del Giudice Em. Lekcziya na 7 shkole «Biofotonika i prilozheniya Suo fotonov» News. 2007. FZhNN. 244. № 4. S. 92–99.
June 24, 2020
May 29, 2020

© Издательство «РАДИОТЕХНИКА», 2004-2017            Тел.: (495) 625-9241                   Designed by [SWAP]Studio