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Analysis of changes in the concept of « knowledge» from the point of view of modern structural representations

Keywords:

G.B. Bronfeld – Ph.D. (Eng.), Associate Professor, Nizhny Novgorod State Technical University n.a. R.E. Alekseev. E-mail: stolem1985@gmail.com


The article analyzes the concept of knowledge with a historical perspective on the development of science and the theory of knowledge in the change of views on the structure of knowledge. Begins with consideration of the views of \"knowledge\" with Socrates and Plato, then F.Bacon, R. Lullius, W. Ockham, I. Kant, in the twentieth century – J. Hintikka, M. Polanyi, K. Popper. Describes what the end of the twentieth century unfold the powerful processes of \"information explosion\", which adversely affect the overall scientific and technical sphere. Indicates that a new four-level structure of knowledge in a whole new way to mathematically represent knowledge components and a fresh look at the issue of knowledge. This would not only reduce the severity of the situation, but also will attract well-known mathematical methods to the individual components of knowledge with capabilities previously unattainable on the same methodological basis.
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