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The methods and technology of cleaning fresh water contaminated in modern technosphere

Keywords:

A.P. Korzhavyi – Dr.Sc. (Eng.), Professor, Kaluga branch of the Bauman MSTU. E-mail: fn2kf@list.ru A.V. Chelenko – Post-graduate Student, Kaluga branch of the Bauman MSTU. E-mail: fn2kf@list.ru


Advances in information technology and the concentration of media in the hands of big business and the oligarchy led to the fact that the pursuit of profit by the wayside departed concern intellectual elite prospects for the future of humanity. «Unmanaged chaos» like a dangerous virus is embedded in the human community, using «soft» power and modern achievements of Internet resources. Almost disappeared information that only in the last 70 years has increased by 3 times the number of humanity, and a 10-fold increase of its economic potential. Today, very narrow circle of specialists known data about the planet\\\'s progressive desertification, depletion of soil, forest, and especially water resources. Fresh water in the coming years will be available for each person in most countries, except Russia, according to its quantity and quality, but 100 years ago did not even thought of. Shortage of drinking water, most likely due not to the depletion of fresh water, and with an intense pollution of surface and groundwater. Contaminated waste water of all kinds do not suitable for drinking and industrial use of both surface and underground water sources, including springs. Pollution of surface water and groundwater is now necessarily purified in different ways and using different structures and equipment worldwide. The classic steel reagent (with chemicals), technologies of cleaning and disinfection of fresh water. Modern reagentless (using physical methods) in combination with filrovaniem, settling, irradiation, and rarely freeze. The problem of cleaning water is that the reagent and reagentless techniques have disadvantages, although purified natural and waste water from various harmful substances. Thus, chemical methods, and ozone in the cleaning and disinfection of water left in it dangerous compounds for human beings and other living organisms, as proven germicidal radiation – kill everyone, including beneficial microorganisms. However, over the past quarter-century foreign scientists and experts have developed efficient methods and equipment for the processing of fresh water is taken from both the surface and underground water sources, as well as for relieving them of various types of wastewater. Large domestic megacities and industrialized regions of Russia were able to purchase these foreign technology and equipment and upgrade water treatment. Rest of Russia using available there for a long time water treatment plant, water treatment plant, technology and equipment of local water utilities. This article describes how to address the use of foreign technologies without environmental problems in one of these regions of Russia, Kaluga. In this region, research and modernization of the economy in all its spheres has long been given enough attention. Presents made by scientists and specialists of the Kaluga region both fundamental and applied research, related to a subject area of water quality reagent and nonchemical methods of its processing. Despite the large number of foreign companies operating now in the Kaluga region, in which new technologies and equipment, created and produced in these countries for water and wastewater treatment, are not used in industries posted here. Analyzed and fundamental research in the field of purification of polluted waters in the region, with a laser, the laser-magnetic, microwave and radiation exposure. It stated that an important way of reducing the anthropogenic impact of industrial enterprises in the region is to collect, for example, liquid waste organic electronic production, recycling and reuse as a new product – motor fuel.
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