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Convergent approaches: modern research paradigm


O.E. Backsanskiy – Dr.Sc. (Philos.), Professor, Leading Research Scientist, Philosophy Institute of RAS. E-mail:

And significant interference of information technologies, biotechnologies, nanotechnologies and cognitive science is represented especially interesting. This phenomenon received the name NBICS convergence (on the first letters of areas: N – nano-; B – bio- I – info-; C – cogno- and S – social and humanitarian technologies). The convergent stage of development of science marks the termination of postne-classical stage of development of scientific rationality and transition to the new research program. This work was financially supported by RFВR in grant № 15-06-20385г «The project is organizing an international interdisciplinary symposium «Current issues of Neurophilosophy».


  1. Roco M., Bainbridge W. (eds). Converging Technologies for Improving Human Performance: Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information Technology and Cognitive Science. Arlington. 2004. 236 r.
  2. Baksanskijj O.E. Kognitivnye reprezentacii: obydennye, socialnye, nauchnye. M.: URSS. 2009. 196 s.
  3. Baksanskijj O.E. Fiziki i matematiki: analiz osnovanija vzaimootnoshenija. M.: URSS. 2009. 202 s.


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