M.V. Smelov – Ph. D. (Eng.), Leading Research Scientist, JSC «Corporation «Kometa»
This article summarizes the results of experimental studies of the superluminal propagation of knotted electromagnetic waves in vacuum. The conclusion that superluminal signals cannot exist in nature, was made by Einstein in a Special Relativity on the basis of kinematics without taking into account the dynamics of the interactions of electromagnetic waves, currents of electrons antenna receiver (transmitter) and physical vacuum. It is always assumed that the symmetry group of Maxwell\'s equations only Lorentz, but this is true only for flat and spherical transverse electromagnetic waves. However, the experiments described in the article are based on the use of the new group of transformations in the form of topological spit of Artini symmetry of equations of Maxwell-Dirac representation which is a fundamentally new class of functions materialized in the form of knotted electromagnetic fields.
Technically, generation and reception of this type of wave is realized with the help of knotted wire antenna. Measurement of the velocity of propagation of knotted electromagnetic waves (EMW) was conducted by the method of measurement of group time delay (GTD) longitudinal components of knotted EMW with symmetry group of the spit of Artini. Initial calibration was performed using regular waveguide by a transverse electromagnetic wave with a group of Lorentz symmetry. State exhibition hall were measured at different distances communications, which was initially set equal to one wave length 55 mm up to seven wavelengths 385 mm
It is found experimentally that in the wave zone Fraunhofer a GTD tends to zero within total instrumental and methodological error of measurement of ± 2 picosec. Specifically, in this experiment with accuracy of 2 ps defined speeding light of not less than 100 times. In each half-wave of knotted EMW Poiting vector changes its sign, and the corresponding diverging and converging half-wave, therefore, the group delay tends to zero, i.e. theoretically spread of knotted EMW at infinity is instantaneous.
For monitoring, evaluations were carried out state exhibition hall on the same
distances connection when installing antennas classic half-wave vibrator, emitting conventional cross EMW. Measured that state exhibition hall increases linearly, for example from distance communication is equal to the wave length 55 mm, where GTD~18 ps, to distance communication equals seven wavelengths 385 mm, where GTD~126 ps. In this case Poiting vector does not change its direction.
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