A. V. Savelyev – Senior Research Scientist, Editor of the Journal «Neurocomputers: development, application», patent agency «©Uniquely honest patenting», www.patenttt.narod.ru. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Definition neurophilosophy (NP) according to a new philosophical encyclopedia – «trend in contemporary philosophy of science, trying to justify the legality of the reduction of psychology to neuroscience (neurobiology, neurophysiology and neuropsychology). One of the main tasks of the NP – computer simulation study of the nature of the brain and consciousness, as well as their computer's thinking. «On R.A. Wilson NP – a philosophy is refracted through the human nervous system; therefore we cannot have pure philosophy, but only neurophilosophy. According to A.N. Leontiev and N.B. Shkoporov: NP – is a philosophy of consciousness generating by power generated neural organs in the course of evolution. It is believed that the founder of sf since 1986 Patricia Smith Churchland, however, this term is narrow enough not invested much in charge true philosophical meaning representations. Churchland drove unfortunately this wonderful term to a rather specific, though important issue – the fundamental question of philosophy (FQP). Must also be noted that the term was known before, for example, was used by the author in his speech at the Conference on Neurocybernetics in Rostov-on-Don in 1983 . Moreover, Churchland reformulated its statement to the private nature of the complete elimination of causality, the genesis, development, and the question was posed only in the explanation of consciousness phenomenon in terms of neurophysiological material objects. Without specifying what is meant under this explanation! At the same time out of the property were also provided reasonable activity, thinking, purposive behavior, design world, etc. While reserves NP-term not used, and due to its originally linguistically embedded in it a much greater generality than is usually applied in the sense that it does not and cannot reflect this sense it designates. In a broader sense, the term is quite self-defined NP is proposed to use to describe complex systems or approaches considering the objects of study of various nature, like brain and produces those functions in functional, structural, semantic and other senses. There is any philosophy, considered from the standpoint of structure, functioning or cognition of the brain or in other words, «from the brain – to philosophy». This is well illustrated by the example of the company, when considering it as «neurosocium» («neurosoc») . However, we can propose another term, in our opinion, are even more general – «neurosophy» increases its commonality that is not assumed causality, as in the term NP («from the brain – to philosophy»). Thus, the term indicates that you need to remember about the brain in any study. Including not only consider the objects from the standpoint of the brain and brain activity, but also vice versa. For example, this includes the study of the brain from the standpoint socio-philosophy and using mechanisms of the functioning of collective objects such as society . The paper examples of the use of such laws in the logic of the author's discovery of some properties of higher nervous activity are presented . In particular, it is shown that the philosophical methods (namely, in the form neurosophy, i.e. «from philosophy – to the brain») can actually work and have been applied in the model predicting the number of neurophysiological effects and phenomena, such as discovery by author of endo-cannabinoids, volume neurotransmission, neuronal poly-functionality, wave neurotransmission, anticipatory, etc. The 35 patents  reserved it.
This work was supported by RFBR (grants № 04-06-80460a, 07-06-11003, 08-06-11002) and RHF by grant № 04 -03- 00066a .
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