E.V. Sologub – Post-graduate Student, Federal Scientific Center of Physical Culture and Sport (Moscow). E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
T.F. Abramova – Dr.Sc.(Biol.), Federal Scientific Center of Physical Culture and Sport (Moscow). E-mail: email@example.com
G.A. Khairetdinova – Ph.D.(Med.), SSI «Center of sports innovative technologies and national teams» Department of physical culture and sport of Moscow. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The elite sport as the kind of human activity predetermining long-term intense physical impact, is unique model of manifestation of a stressful condition of an organism that against existence of synchronous form-building influence of selection and training defines respectively and importance of forecasting of a condition of the athlete, and possibility of studying of predictive markers of adaptive reaction for the solution of optimization of sports preparation.
For the solution of an objective data of researches of 20 athletes specializing in rowing, including the dermatoglypfic analysis, anthropology, functional testing, сardiointervalographic, stabilometry and the results of a set of psychological tests were analyzed.
Generalization of level indicators characterizing a condition of athletes, including organismal markers of adaptation, labile components of body weight, vegetative regulation, indicators of working capacity confirms high level of athletes training in the presence of the current stressful orientation factor which is showing in restriction of reserves of power supply, in the current shift towards the central regulation of vegetative nervous system, slowing the recovery of blood pressure and heart rate. The analysis of the psychological status supplements an assessment of athletes condition, being shown by priority expressiveness of the following signs: the search of social support, asocial and aggressive actions that in aggregate with the presented data allows to estimate objectively a condition of athletes within this work as a stressful condition.
For identification of intersystem communications of the signs describing different hierarchical levels of development of specific features and conditions of an organism the factorial analysis was used.
Research showed complete reaction of an organism at various levels of organismal hierarchy in the conditions of a stress, relating to this case - organismal and suporganizmal markers of adaptation. One of the essential positions was to identify areas of a private constitutional marker - finger dermatoglyphics among indicators of the psychofunctional status of a human body. First of all it concerns total signs dermatoglyphics. High intensity of patterns and high ridge in stressful conditions can be a factor forming attributes of typologically «weak» constitutional structure (an alloy of introversion, anxiety and sensitive). And the whorl pattern on the 5-th fingers of both hands in combination with pattern asymmetry of the 3-rd finger and the left-side of the 2nd finger characterizes manifestation of passive and asocial strategy of overcoming of a stressful situation.
The importance of separate private signs fingerprints with accent of asymmetry of the ridge count of the 1st finger that predict risk factor of manifestation in stressful situations of high activity in aspiration to be «leader» as sthenic type of reaction against infantility (high values of an extraversion in combination with a strong «lability») is also shown.
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