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Problems of modeling brain functions (Neural cybernetic approach)


E.A. Umryukhin

In the article on the conceptual level of a nominal value advances made generalizations of neuroscience about the brain mechanisms of goal-directed behavior. The main results of the experimental study (based on the model) consistent training people were published in the 70s (Umryuhin E.A., 1972, 1976). At the same time it was shown that an intuitive unconscious acquisition and use information by person (Umryuhin E.A., 1972, 1976, 1979) has the principal role in such behavior and training. In the foreign literature the theme of sequence learning and experimental study of unconscious learning are remaining largely outside of specific problems scope still to be solved by mathematicians working in the field of neural network models and neuroinformatics, artificial intelligence. The results of modern ideas analyzes about this complex of problems with both neurophysiological side, and from the neurocybernetics are presented. The main problems of natural and artificial intelligence understanding are formulated, and brain generation examples of fundamentally new products are shown. It is suggested that the higher creative expressions of the human intellect are new science area. The area requires a fundamentally different approaches to the understanding of the phenomena compared with the usual approaches (deterministic Turing, mathematical). The novelty of this approach should be first of all in clear understanding of the nature of the emergent properties of the human intellect. The emergence of intelligence can be understood in terms of creative and largely unpredictable nature of the properties themselves intellect caused by special mechanisms of the brain. The unpredictability of creative intelligence in this case is means the output description of its properties beyond the existing mathematical paradigm in which the prediction of future behavior of the system trajectories (trajectories in the broadest sense of the word) is based on strict rules of the game (including the probabilistic or stochastic) on rules emerged as one of the ways to reflect the reality of the human brain with the help of modern mathematics.

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May 29, 2020

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