Dynamic model of a sign
Charles Sanders Peirce
Yu.N. Philippovich, A.Yu. Philippovich
The high speeds of modern technology growth, the shortening of products life cycles and the growth of demand for information services have become the characteristic traits of the third millennium. In support of those processes put forward were ideas of a global movement towards “information society” and “society of knowledge”, towards creating “economy based on knowledge”.
Since the year 2002 the idea of converging four types of technology that shape the face of a modern government is being discussed. Those technologies are nano-, bio-, information and cognitive technology (NBIC-technologies), where a special, dominant role is played by the cognitive part of this quartet.
Creating info-cognitive technologies requires the solution of a fundamental scientific problem of “establishing the means for representing the real world in human consciousness”, that is finding the laws and patterns of human brain’s cognitive activity, modeling thinking and consciousness’s functions.
One of the options of embodying the research and development results in this field could be the “cognizer”, represented by a dynamic info-cognitive model of a verbal consciousness and realized in an experimental computer environment with the help of information technologies of knowledge acquisition, representation, processing and integration.
Central part in the theoretical background of the idea of creating cognizer is played by the semiotic concept of Charles Sanders Peirce, who was the first to suggest viewing the sign not a static, but a dynamic structure that captures the threefold relation between its parts in the process of semiosis.
Following his propositions the verbal-thinking activity is an “incessant” succession of changing thought-signs that under certain conditions could be expressed in the form of external signs, for example, verbalized in oral or written speech. Moreover, it can be viewed as an incidental (probabilistic) process of shifting from one thought-sign to the one following it.
Two main ways of verbal-thinking activity are distinguished and formalized, matched to them are two methods of consciousness modeling: “text as a model of verbal consciousness” and “verbal associative network as a model of verbal consciousness”. Their particular properties and concrete examples are described.
In conclusion of the article some instruments (author’s ones as well) for conducting research of verbal consciousness in the framework of proposed directions.